One in 285 children in the US will be diagnosed with cancer before they see their twentieth birthday, and little until recently was known about the genetic alterations that drive their cancers to appropriately manage the disease. To address this global issue, Thermo Fisher Scientific today announces it has established the International Childhood Oncology Network (ICON) and the concurrent launch of its Oncomine Childhood Cancer Research Assay, a comprehensive, next-generation sequencing (NGS) panel it developed in collaboration with Children’s Hospital Los Angeles that specifically targets mutations associated with pediatric and young adult cancers.
Past research of recurrent mutations associated with pediatric, childhood and young adult cancers has lagged behind studies into adult forms of the disease, leading to an underserved community of patients. But recent initiatives aimed at profiling genomic mutations in younger cancer patients have helped identify a large set of unique recurrent somatic variants, revealing fundamental differences from their adult counterparts. While adult cancers are commonly carcinomas with mutations that accumulate over time, childhood cancers are most often embryonic or neuro-ectodermal in origin and are largely driven by gene fusions.
To enable comprehensive analysis of these tumor samples, Thermo Fisher’s new Oncomine Childhood Cancer Research Assay combines specific mutations, gene amplification and fusions in a single panel. The assay, designed by leading scientists and pediatric oncologists, interrogates 203 unique genes representing multiple gene classes and 1,700 fusion transcripts in two DNA and two RNA pools using a seamless NGS workflow.
“The Oncomine Childhood Cancer Research Assay is of particular importance because it is the first designed for all forms of childhood cancers that simultaneously detects RNA gene fusions and DNA mutations, both of which are critical in childhood cancer,” said Timothy J. Triche, M.D., Ph.D., co-director, Center for Personalized Medicine, Children’s Hospital Los Angeles. “I am also very excited by the International Childhood Oncology Network, which will allow us and its members to collect data and share our experience in an effort to drive clinical research in childhood cancer.”
Oncomine Childhood Cancer Research Assay is designed to integrate with the Ion Chef System for automated library preparation and amplification, as well as the new Ion GeneStudio S5 Systems and Thermo Fisher’s Ion Reporter for downstream bioinformatics and reporting.
“It is through deep collaboration and cutting-edge technology that the scientific community will be able to drive real change and better understanding of childhood cancers,” said Joydeep Goswami, president of clinical next-generation sequencing and oncology at Thermo Fisher Scientific. “We are pleased to have partnered with Children’s Hospital Los Angeles to develop the Oncomine Childhood Cancer Research Assay. By establishing ICON, we want to further support and facilitate collaboration in the research community.”